Geologica Belgica

1374-8505 2034-1954

 

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Friso DE CLERCQ, Philippe MUCHEZ, Stijn DEWAELE & Adrian BOYCE

The tungsten mineralisation at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe (Rwanda): preliminary results

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Annexes

Mots-clés : fluid inclusions, stable isotope, KEYWORDS. Kibara belt, Central Africa, Kibarian, Microthermometry

Abstract

ABSTRACT. The Kibara belt in Central Africa hosts numerous important deposits of Sn, Nb, Ta and W. These mineral deposits mainly occur in pegmatites and hydrothermal quartz veins. A petrographical and stable isotope study has been carried out on two main tungsten deposits of Rwanda, namely at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe. These tungsten deposits are present in the central part of Rwanda and occur as mineralised quartz veins that are hosted by graphite-rich black shales. Wolframite minerals formed after the precipitation of the main quartz vein. The mineralising fluids have a H2O–CO2–CH4–N2–NaCl composition, a moderate salinity (7.4-9.9 eq. wt.% NaCl) and a minimum temperature of 300°C. The isotopic composition of the fluids indicates that the mineralised quartz veins most likely formed from a fluid largely influenced by metamorphic processes. The wolframite minerals precipitated due to interaction of the fluid with graphite-rich black shales. The origin of the tungsten is still a matter of discussion. Whether the mineralising fluid was originally a metamorphic or a magmatic fluid is still unknown.

To cite this article

Friso DE CLERCQ, Philippe MUCHEZ, Stijn DEWAELE & Adrian BOYCE, «The tungsten mineralisation at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe (Rwanda): preliminary results», Geologica Belgica [En ligne], volume 11 (2008), number 3-4, 251-258 URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/1374-8505/index.php?id=2599.

About: Friso DE CLERCQ

Geodynamics and Geofluids Research Group, K.U.Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200E, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium

About: Philippe MUCHEZ

Geodynamics and Geofluids Research Group, K.U.Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200E, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium

About: Stijn DEWAELE

Department of Geology and Mineralogy, Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), Leuvensesteenweg 13, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium

About: Adrian BOYCE

Isotope Geoscience Unit, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC), Rankine Avenue, East Kilbride G75 0QF, Glasgow, UK