Geologica Belgica

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Frans GULLENTOPS, Frieda BOGEMANS, Guy De MOOR, Etienne PAULISSEN & Albert PISSART

Quaternary lithostratigraphic units (Belgium)

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Abstract

The lithostratigraphic classification of the Quaternary deposits is based on the genesis of the sediments. The distinguished environments are marine - estuarine, fluvial, eolian and slope. The marine - estuarine deposits are restricted to certain time-intervals within the Quaternary and are limited to the northern part of Belgium. Fluvial deposits are found throughout the Quaternary. On the basis of the sedimentological - lithological differentials within the Meuse basin and the Schelde basin a bipartite subdivision of the fluvial deposits is introduced. Eolian deposits are differentiated on the basis of their grain size distribution, namely sand and silt. The sandy deposits are accumulated in the northern part of Belgium, whereas loess is deposited in the more southern part of the country. Slope deposits are not restricted regionally neither temporally.

Keywords : Quaternary, lithostratigraphy, marine - estuarine, fluvial, eolian, slope deposits, palaeosols, peat, tufa deposits and tephra

To cite this article

Frans GULLENTOPS, Frieda BOGEMANS, Guy De MOOR, Etienne PAULISSEN & Albert PISSART, «Quaternary lithostratigraphic units (Belgium)», Geologica Belgica [En ligne], number 1-2 - Guide to a revised lithostratigraphic scale of Belgium, volume 4 (2001), 153-164 URL : https://popups.ulg.ac.be/1374-8505/index.php?id=1965.

About: Frans GULLENTOPS

Meesberg 28, 3220 Holsbeek.

About: Frieda BOGEMANS

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Vakgroep Fysische Geografie, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussel.

About: Guy De MOOR

Boesbeeklaan 5, 9051 St. Denijs Westrem.

About: Etienne PAULISSEN

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Geomorfologie en Regionale Geografie, Redingenstraat 16, 3000 Leuven.

About: Albert PISSART

Rue Lavaux 29, 4130 Esneux.