Acta Stereologica

0351-580X

 

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Abd Al-Mouti Zaitoun

Rapid stereological method for assessing the area fraction (AA) of prostatic carcinoma in TURP specimens

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Abstract

Incidental carcinoma of the prostate (Stage A) is reported in 10% of TURP (Transurethral resection) specimens. The aims of this study were first, to assess the accuracy of the area fraction (AA) of prostatic cancer defined as the percentage of chips against stereology (gold standard technique) and second to evaluate a newly described rapid stereology technique based on drawing tube and image analysis system. Fifty formalin fixed fully embedded TURP specimens from patients with prostatic carcinoma were used. Patients were divided into three groups in relation to the AA of carcinoma. Group 1 (20) the AA was 0-5%, group 2 (18) the AA was 5.1-35% and group 3 (12) the AA was 35.1-100%. H&E stained slides were used to assess the AA by three different techniques. Regression line analysis and the Altman and Bland correlation were used for the comparison between the methods. The overall accuracy of AA (0-100%) of both routine and new methods was good in comparison with stereology. In group 1 the percentage of chips method was less sensitive than stereology (p=ns). The new method compared well with stereology (P<0.0001) technique in all three groups of patients. The Altman and Bland correlation showed overestimation of the percentage of chips which was more marked at the level of upper value for group 3 with overlap between groups 1 and 2. The new method showed minor underestimation for the lower values for group 1 and small overestimation for the upper value in group 3. In general the new method compared well with stereology technique in patients with carcinoma of prostate. It is concluded from this study that routine counting of chips with tumour was less sensitive than stereology for the accurate assessment of AA. The new drawing tube method compared well with stereology, and it was fast and accurate for assessing AA of tumour in TURP specimens in patients with incidental (stage A) and advanced (stage B) carcinoma. The Altman and Bland correlation was superior to the coefficient of variation for assessing the differences and agreement between two methods.

Keywords : accuracy, limits of agreement, prostatic cancer, statistics, stereology

To cite this article

Abd Al-Mouti Zaitoun, «Rapid stereological method for assessing the area fraction (AA) of prostatic carcinoma in TURP specimens», Acta Stereologica [En ligne], Volume 17 (1998), Number 2 - Sep. 1998, 283-292 URL : https://popups.ulg.ac.be/0351-580x/index.php?id=2669.

About: Abd Al-Mouti Zaitoun

Department of Pathology, Mayday University Hospital, London Road,Thornton Heath, Surrey, CR7 7YE, UK