Geologica Belgica

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Antoneta SEGHEDI, Tudor BERZA, Viorica IANCU, Marcel MARUNŢIU & Gheorghe OAIE

NEOPROTEROZOIC TERRANES IN THE MOESIAN BASEMENT AND IN THE ALPINE DANUBIAN NAPPES OF THE SOUTH CARPATHIANS

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Mots-clés : Moesian Platform, Danubian units, Neoproterozoic basement, Pan-African, South Carpathians

Abstract

Geological, geochronological and geochemical evidence suggest that several distinct parts of the Neoproterozoic orogen developed at the active margin of Gondwana are preserved in Moesia and South Carpathians. Parts of a Neoproterozoic volcanic arc and foreland basin are preserved in East Moesia while the Alpine Danubian Nappes preserve remnants of a Pan-African (Cadomian) volcanic arc and its marginal backarc basin. The East Moesian basement exposed in Central Dobrogea includes Pre-Cambrian tholeiitic metabasites from Altîn Tepe showing arc/back arc affinities, subjected to a "Cadomian" deformation together with the Neoproterozoic-Early Cambrian turbidites of Histria Formation. In subsurface of South Dobrogea, a Neoproterozoic volcano-sedimentary suite with alkali basalts, related to rifting of the Precambrian Moesian crust, was deformed during latest Neoproterozoic thusting. The Precambrian basement of the Danubian Nappes includes Pan-African island arc metavolcanics (Drăgşan type terranes) with an amphibolite facies metamorphism connected to subduction of the arc complex. Emplacement of late-kinematic, high-K calc-alkaline granitoids records late accretion of oceanic rocks to a continent (Gondwana). Metasedimentary successions (Lainici-Păiuş type terranes) show HT-LP regional metamorphism and pervasive migmatization, prior to the intrusion of Neoproterozoic calc-alkaline and alkali-calcic plutons. Well documented Late Proterozoic ages of the magmatic protoliths in the Lower Danubian basement range between 780 to 570 Ma suggesting Cadomian affinities. The Pan-African tectono-metamorphic evolution can be dated by U/Pb, K/Ar and Ar/Ar isotopic data at 580-560 Ma. Mineralogical and chemical characters of the Tişoviţa-Iuţi mafic-ultramafic complex from the Upper Danubian resemble ophiolite complexes generated in ocean basins associated with arc systems formed at fast- to intermediate-spreading centres.

To cite this article

Antoneta SEGHEDI, Tudor BERZA, Viorica IANCU, Marcel MARUNŢIU & Gheorghe OAIE, «NEOPROTEROZOIC TERRANES IN THE MOESIAN BASEMENT AND IN THE ALPINE DANUBIAN NAPPES OF THE SOUTH CARPATHIANS», Geologica Belgica [En ligne], number 4 - Avalonia-Moesia volume, volume 8 (2005), 4-19 URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/1374-8505/index.php?id=746.

About: Antoneta SEGHEDI

Geological Institute of Romania, 1 Caransebes St, 012271 Bucharest 32, Romania

About: Tudor BERZA

Geological Institute of Romania, 1 Caransebes St, 012271 Bucharest 32, Romania

About: Viorica IANCU

Geological Institute of Romania, 1 Caransebes St, 012271 Bucharest 32, Romania

About: Marcel MARUNŢIU

National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology, 23-25 Dimitrie Onciul St, RO-70318, Bucharest

About: Gheorghe OAIE

Institute of Geodynamics of Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania