Geologica Belgica

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Timothy N. Debacker & Els DE MEESTER

A regional, S-dipping late Early to Middle Ordovician palaeoslope in the Brabant Massif, as indicated by slump folds (Anglo-Brabant Deformation Belt, Belgium)

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Mots-clés : Ordovician, Avalonia, KEYWORDS. Anglo-Brabant Deformation Belt, detachment, slump fold, cleavage/fold relationship

Abstract

ABSTRACT. Within the upper Lower to Middle Ordovician directly north of the Quenast plug (Senne valley, Brabant Massif) numerous pre-cleavage folds and associated detachments occur. These folds and the associated detachments are attributed to slumping. On the basis of a combination of a) the mean axis method, b) the separation arc method, c) the axial-planar intersection method and d) the fold hinge azimuth and interlimb angle method a SSE-dipping palaeoslope is inferred from these slump features. This is fully compatible with the palaeoslopes inferred by two previous studies on slump folds in other upper Lower to Middle Ordovician outcrop areas of the Brabant Massif. Combined, the results indicate that during the late Early to Middle Ordovician a regionally persistent S-dipping palaeoslope existed within the southern part of the Brabant Massif, with an along-strike length of at least 30 km. Slumping is attributed to slope failure due to seismic loading by normal faulting related to the separation of Avalonia from Gondwana. In this respect, the regional S-dipping palaeoslope may correspond to bedding tilted by antithetic (N-dipping) lystric faults, or to synthetic (S-dipping) normal fault scarps.

To cite this article

Timothy N. Debacker & Els DE MEESTER, «A regional, S-dipping late Early to Middle Ordovician palaeoslope in the Brabant Massif, as indicated by slump folds (Anglo-Brabant Deformation Belt, Belgium)», Geologica Belgica [En ligne], volume 12 (2009), number 3-4, 145-159 URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/1374-8505/index.php?id=2732.

About: Timothy N. Debacker

Research Unit Palaeontology, Geology & Pedology, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, S8, B-9000 Gent, e-mail: Timothy.Debacker@UGent.be

About: Els DE MEESTER

Research Unit Palaeontology, Geology & Pedology, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, S8, B-9000 Gent