Geologica Belgica

1374-8505 2034-1954

 

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André POUCLET & Etienne JUVIGNE

The Eltville tephra, a late Pleistocene widespread tephra layer in Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands; symptomatic compositions of the minerals

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Mots-clés : Belgium, Quaternary, Germany, Keywords: Europe, East Eifel, Upper Weichselien, Eltville Tephra, widespread tephra layer, tephrochronology.

Abstract

ABSTRACT. A new study of the composition of the Eltville Tephra is performed for the three sites Lixhe/Belgium, Ringen/Germany and Eltville/Germany (previous stratotype). This tephra is a precise stratigraphical marker dated at about 20 ka and intercalated in situ in Upper Weichselien loess in Belgium, The Netherlands and Germany. Since most of the authors have identified the Eltville Tephra after its dark grey colour in yellowish loess body, the correlation has in some cases been doubted so that geochemistry of the material should be used to take position. We analyse the pyroclasts and the mafic minerals of the tephra (clinopyroxene, olivine and amphibole). The volcanic glass is totally altered to illite, but the minerals show a clear basaltic alkaline magmatic signature. The tephra resulted from a strong initial explosive activity of a basaltic volcano. The origin of the tephra would be the East Eifel volcanic field.

To cite this article

André POUCLET & Etienne JUVIGNE, «The Eltville tephra, a late Pleistocene widespread tephra layer in Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands; symptomatic compositions of the minerals», Geologica Belgica [En ligne], volume 12 (2009), number 1-2, 93-103 URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/1374-8505/index.php?id=2693.

About: André POUCLET

University of Orléans and 1383 rue de la Source, 45160 Olivet, France. E-mail: andre.pouclet@tele2.fr

About: Etienne JUVIGNE

University of Liège, Sart-Tilman, B-12A, 4000 Liège, Belgium. E-mail: ejuvigne@skynet.be