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György ENYEDI

Les mutations rurales en Hongrie

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Open Access

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Index de mots-clés : la transition post-socialiste dans la campagne hongroise, privatisation et indemnisation de l'agriculture postsocialiste, système de l'habitat rural

Abstract

The paper makes a balance of recent political transition on the transformation of the Hungarian countryside. Main effects are the follows :

1. Rural local governments get a great independence what resulted in a practical desintegration of functional urban regions.

2. The privatization of agriculture transformed the social structure as well as the property structure of the countryside.

3. Economic crisis which has accompanied the post-socialist transition has hit rural  economy more seriously than urban economy.

4. Rural inequalities are rapidly growing. These inequalities are expressed mostly in income and employment rates. Rural out-migration has accelerated.

5. Government' s regional policy distributes budget subsidies among the poorest villages instead of promoting regional development projects.

Index by keyword : post-socialist transition on Hungarian countryside, privatization and compensation of post-socialist agriculture, system of rural settlements

To cite this article

György ENYEDI, «Les mutations rurales en Hongrie», BSGLg [En ligne], 32 (1996/1) - Recherches en Géographie Humaine, URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/0770-7576/index.php?id=3263.

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