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Pere Blay & Víctor Reglero

The peculiar O9.5V star BD+53°2790, the massive counterpart to the X-ray binary system 4U 2206+54

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Abstract

The X-ray binary system 4U 2206+54 hides many mysteries. Among them, the surprising behavior of both of its components: the O9.5 dwarf star BD+53°2790 and a slowly rotating neutron star. BD+53°2790 misled the astronomers, exhibiting characteristics reminiscent of Be stars. However, a deeper spectral analysis and more intense monitoring revealed that the real picture was a bit more complicated: a) Although it shows evidence of a circumstellar envelope, its observable properties differ from those typical of envelopes in Be stars. b) Comparison with spectral standards and models indicates a possible over-abundance in He. This would open the possibility to link the behavior of BD+53°2790 to the He-rich class of stars. c) UV spectra show an abnormally slow and dense wind for an O9.5V star. d) Spectral classification in the IR wavelength region suggests a more likely supergiant nature of the source, in contradiction with the optical classification. e) The presence of an intense magnetic field is under investigation. BD+53°2790 stands as a perfect laboratory for testing stellar structure, as well as wind and evolutionary theories. The observable properties of this source in a wide range of spectral bands are discussed, and some interpretations outlined.

Pour citer cet article

Pere Blay & Víctor Reglero, «The peculiar O9.5V star BD+53°2790, the massive counterpart to the X-ray binary system 4U 2206+54», Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège [En ligne], Volume 80 - Année 2011, 634 - 638 URL : http://popups.ulg.ac.be/0037-9565/index.php?id=3093.

A propos de : Pere Blay

IPL, University of Valencia, PO BOX 22085, 46071 Valencia, Spain

A propos de : Víctor Reglero

IPL, University of Valencia, PO BOX 22085, 46071 Valencia, Spain